Gealena – History of Mountain Climbing. Mountain climbing is not a sport can, at least the mountaineers must have enough mentality, have high skills, intelligence, strength, and fighting ability. This is because of the challenges faced with having their own qualities.
In essence, the danger and challenges are to test one’s own abilities in allies with harsh realms. The success of a climb means the superiority of fear and victory over the struggle against oneself.
Since two centuries ago the activities of mountain climbers began to be known and favored by humans. Beginning since humans have to cross hills or mountains. Either during war or when making demands on life as Hanibal did. Kartogo kingdom commander for climbing the historic Alps.
Or an adventure carried out by Jangis Khan, which crosses the Karakoram mountains and the Caucasus to get to Central Asia.
In its current form, the glorious ascent for the first time occurred in 1786. When Paccard and Balmant’s guide made it to the top of Mount Blanc (4807 Mpdl) which aimed to make scientific observations.
The next round, the peaks of the Alps began to be explored by mountain climbers and increasingly popular after Sir Alfred Willis and his friends in 1854. Reached the top of Matterhorn (3708 Mpdl). The climb was the history of gold Alpinism and the beginning of the formation of the oldest mountain climbing association in the world of the British Alpine Club in 1857.
Then history occurred again when Edward Whymper, an English painter led the ascent to the Matterhorn (4478 Mpdl) in 1865. The ascent was to make paintings of the Alps, but tragically when they descended after its success, the rope broke and resulted in 4 dead from 7 members climbing. After the tragic ascent, the climbers began climbing to the top of the highest mountain.
In 1950 a group of French mountaineers managed to reach the Himalayas. Namely the peak of Annapurna I (8078 Mpdl). The achievement of this climb eventually led Colonel John Hunt to lead the expedition to reach Mount Everest (8848 MPDL).
The highest peak in the world discovered by Sir Andrew Vaugh (took the name Everest in honor of his teacher Sir George Everest).
After several climbs, the failure finally reached the achievement of the Everest summit achieved by Edmund Hillary of New Zealand with the British, Nepalese, and UN flags along with a climber from the Nepal Tenzing Norgay on May 29, 1953.
In Indonesia, from 1909-1911 an expedition of the unity of bird experts from England penetrated the Irian jungle from the south through the Jayawijaya snow mountain. After doing activities for 16 months, the activity failed.
The Van Der Pie expedition the following year took the direction from the east. And also failed to conquer the peak of Jayawijaya.
In 1912, Dr. Walton made an ascent of the northern route through the Itikwa valley and only reached a height of 3000 meters. Did not reach the peak of the Cartenz Pyramide.
The next successful expedition was carried out by Dr.A.H. Colijin which reached the peak of NggaPulu (4862 Mpdl). On the north wall of the Puncak Jaya ice glacier in 1936.
The ascent of course is a new history for mountain climbing in Indonesia.
But long after that, an expedition from New Zealand under the leadership of Hendrich Harris in 1962. Managed to reach the snowy peak of the Cartenz Pyramide (4884 Mpdl).
On March 1, 1964, Sugirin, Soedarto from Indonesia, and Fred Athaboe with Tazuke, and friends from Japan. Who joined the Cendrawasih Expedition managed to reach the summit of NggaPulu. Which was later named the Soekarno Peak in the central mountains of Jayawijaya.